To the Journal editor:
As part of celebrating our Fourth of July, We the People declare, justify, and apply justice.
What is justice? Justice is in our Constitution and laws, including those related to our Revolution (national rights movements). New Deal (worker rights movements), civil rights movements, feminist rights movements, environmental rights movements, and gay rights movements.
Our Pledge of Allegiance that declares "justice for all."
These statements reveal our great progression from a minimalist federal government promoting justice for the few wealthy white men, to an activist national government using scientific methodological justice and universal substantive justice promoting justice for all.
This progression shows methodological justice without substantive justice is goal-less, and substantive justice without methodological justices lacks reality.
To acquire knowledge to realistically describe conditions, justice for all uses scientific methodological justice that objectively uses valid data and logical reasoning. Justice for all opposes historical methodological justice that uses tradition and opposes prejudicial methodological justice that uses belief.
To solve ethical problems raised by ethics-free scientific methodological justice, justice for all uses universal substantive justice that objectively uses the value liberty for all to construct comprehensive, equal, interrelated, and universal rights. Justice for all opposes individual substantive justice that uses liberty for self.
General rights include an activist national government, freedoms from damage and discrimination, freedoms of information and speech, accountability, equal opportunity, equal protection, high standards, participation, regulation, rule of law, sustainability, and transparency.
Economic rights include 1. capitalism with justice mediating the excesses of inequality, inflation, and recession, 2. family sustaining income, 3. full employment, 4. progressive expenditure and taxation, and 5. workers rights to organize, collectively bargain and strike.
Educational, health care, infrastructure and safety rights include tax-financed and government-run services. Environmental rights include healthy and safe built and natural environments.
Political and legal rights include due process, one person one vote, presumption of innocence, privacy, separation of powers and United Nations-based foreign policy. Religious rights includes separation of church from state.
Justice for all includes all workers and all retired.?Justice for all.
Gordon C. Peterson
Editor's note: Gordon C. Peterson is not to be confused with Marquette resident Gordon J. "Gordy" Peterson of the Swanson-Lundquist Funeral Home.